Allied air power in the Pacific was weak and consisted mostly of obsolete planes. If successful in their campaigns, the Japanese planned to establish a strongly fortified defensive perimeter extending from Burma in the west to the southern rim of the Dutch East Indies and northern New Guinea in the south and sweeping around to the Gilbert and Marshall islands in the southeast and east.
The Japanese believed that any American and British counteroffensives against this perimeter could be repelled, after which those nations would eventually seek a negotiated peace that would allow Japan to keep her newly won empire. Until the end of the Japanese strategists had assumed that any new war to be waged would be against a single enemy. When it became clear, in , that the British and the Dutch as well as the Americans must be attacked, a new and daring war plan was successfully sponsored by the commander in chief of the Combined Fleet, Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku.
World War II: Battle of Hong Kong
The first operation, to which all six regular aircraft carriers, two battleships, three cruisers, and 11 destroyers were allocated , was to be a surprise attack, scheduled for December 7 December 8 by Japanese time , on the main U. You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security. World War II. Article Media. Canada deployed trained historians to Canadian Military Headquarters in the United Kingdom during the war, and paid much attention to the chronicling of the conflict, not only in the words of the official historians of the Army Historical Section, but also through art and trained painters.
The official history of the Canadian Army was undertaken after the war, with an interim draft published in and three volumes in the s. This was in comparison to the First World War's official history, only 1 volume of which was completed by , and the full text only released after a change in authors some 40 years after the fact. The performance of Canadian forces in some battles have remained controversial, such as Hong Kong and Dieppe, and a variety of books have been written on them from various points of view.
Canada's Role in WWII
Serious historians — mainly scholars — emerged in the years after the Second World War, foremost Terry Copp a scholar and Denis Whitaker a former soldier. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Canadian military actions in World War II. Main article: Declaration of war by Canada. Further information: Battle of France and Operation Gauntlet. Main article: Battle of Hong Kong. Main article: Dieppe Raid. Main article: Aleutian Islands campaign.
One Soldier's Story: 1939-1945: From the Fall of Hong Kong to the Defeat of Japan
Main article: Italian Campaign. Main articles: Operation Overlord and Operation Dragoon. Main article: Battle of the Atlantic. Main article: Conscription Crisis of In Canada, the conflict has also been referred to as the "Second World War". From to , Newfoundland was formally a self-governing dominion within the British Empire. However, from to Newfoundland was a dominion in name only, being directly governed from the United Kingdom after the General Assembly of Newfoundland voted to suspend the constitution in Retrieved on: 5 August Arcturus Publishing.
Archived from the original on 13 April Canada's Navy: The First Century. University of Toronto Press.
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The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 19 August The Canadian Encyclopedia online Historica. Revised by N. The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 12 September Retrieved 4 December Control and Regulation in Canada Is Anticipated". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 12 September The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 28 November Granatstein UBC Press. The Canadians at War — May Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs. Foreign Affairs.
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China Lost 14 Million People in World War II. Why Is This Forgotten?
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- From the Fall of Hong Kong to the Defeat of Japan?
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McGill-Queen's University Press. James Layton Ralston and manpower for the Canadian army M. Wilfrid Laurier University. Osprey Publishing. T; Richard Nielsen No price too high: Canadians and the Second World War. McGraw-Hill Ryerson. Mcgill Canada. Dundurn Press. Johnston, Mac Morton, Desmond A military history of Canada 4th ed.
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Royal Canadian Air Force. World War II.